Basic Soufflé in Three Variations

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I just taught a soufflé class. It was my first class at a school that was new to me, and it was fantastic! I didn’t realize how much I missed teaching! We had a blast (although, I admit it took me a while to get the hang of this new kitchen).

The students didn’t even complain that I made them whip all their egg whites by hand (it builds character). The recipe is a basic roux soufflé, which can be adapted to any flavor your heart desires. My heart desired cheese, chocolate, and raspberry.

Ingredients

For ramekin prep:

1 tablespoon melted butter

¼ cup granulated sugar / parmesan cheese

For Roux:

1 tablespoon unsalted butter

1 tablespoon flour

½ cup milk

To add flavor

½ teaspoon vanilla extract, or liqueur or , for savory… nutmeg and thyme

For the Main Flavor:

4 ounces semisweet chocolate, or 1/4 cup raspberry jam or 3 ounces grated Gruyere cheese

2 eggs, separated

pinch cream of tartar

2 tablespoons granulated sugar

Method

  1. Preheat oven to 450° F. Coat ramekins with melted butter, then sugar or cheese. Set aside.
  1. Prepare roux by melting butter in a skillet, adding the flour, and stirring over med heat until a paste forms. Add milk slowly to make a bechamel. Remove from heat and add your main flavor.  Then stir in egg yolks.
  1. Separately whip whites with cream of tartar to stiff peak.  If it is a sweet souffle, add 2 tablespoons of sugar slowly, after the whites have reached soft peak.  Fold egg whites carefully into base.
  1. Fill ramekin to rim, and make a gutter around the edge with your thumb. Place on baking sheet and bake 15-20 minutes, until risen and dry on the sides.   Place ramekin on a lined plate to serve.

Remember–even a fallen soufflé is delicious!

Classic Salted Chocolate Soufflé

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Souffles are the classic pastry phobia. But there is no reason not to try making them at home. Even a fallen soufflé tastes amazing. For best results, have patience, and some good, straight-sided ramekins. For me, this roux based soufflé has always been the most successful. It’s a very stable base that can be used for a number of different flavors, including savory cheese. See the Variations for some ideas.

Ingredients

¾ cup butter (6 ounces) unsalted butter, plus an extra tablespoon for the ramekin

½ cup all-purpose flour

½ cup milk

½ cup granulated sugar, divided

2 large egg yolks

6 ounces bittersweet chocolate, melted

1 ½ teaspoon unrefined salt – try Maldon, Cyprus Flake, any fleur de sel, or a salt infused with rosemary, orange, rose, vanilla, chocolate, or espresso

5 egg whites

Method

  1. Preheat oven to 425° F. Combine milk and sugar in a small saucepan, and heat to a simmer. Stir until sugar is melted, then set aside. Melt chocolate over a double boiler (or in a microwave, stopping to stir every 15 seconds until melted), then set aside. Coat four 8-ounce ramekins very lightly with melted butter, then with granulated sugar, tapping out the extra. Set aside.
  1. Melt 6 ounces of the butter in a large saucepan over medium high heat. Add the flour, and whisk it in until it is all absorbed. (This is a roux.) Slowly drizzle in milk, while whisking, to form a smooth paste. (This is the base for béchamel sauce.) Remove from heat and stir in egg yolks, one at a time. Add chocolate, 1 teaspoon salt, and mix until well incorporated. Transfer to a large bowl.
  1. In a clean bowl, using a standing mixer, handheld beaters, or a balloon whisk, whip egg whites until stiff peaks form. Fold a third of the stiff egg whites into the chocolate base to thin it out, then add the rest and carefully fold together until uniform in color. (Do not fold too much, or you will deflate the air in the egg whites.)
  1. Fill prepared ramekins all the way to the rim. Wipe off any drips on the rim, place them on a baking sheet, and sprinkle the top with a bit more salt. Bake for 15 – 18 minutes, until risen well above the rim. (The risen sides of the soufflé will look dry when it is ready.) Remove from oven, carefully and transfer ramekin to a napkin lined plate (to keep the ramekin from sliding as it is carried to the table). Serve immediately, and offer your guests accompanying bowls of whipped cream, fresh berries, or complimentary sauces.

Variations

Salted Caramel – Omit the ½ cup of sugar, and replace the bittersweet chocolate with an equal amount of caramel sauce. Use a big pyramid flake salt, or a smoked salt.

Fruity– Reduce the sugar to ¼ cup, and replace the bittersweet chocolate with an equal amount of fruit jam, marmalade, or lemon curd. Try a salt infused with citrus, rosemary, rose, or chipotle.

Pumpkin – Replace the bittersweet chocolate with an equal amount of pumpkin puree, and add about 1 teaspoon of pumpkin pie spice with the egg yolks. Try Persian Blue here, or a salt infused with allspice, nutmeg, or cinnamon.

Cheese – Replace the sugar on the inside of the ramekin with finely grated parmesan cheese. Omit the sugar from the recipe, and replace the chocolate with an equal amount of grated cheese. Add herbs, and up to ½ cup of other garnish, such as chopped ham or sautéed mushrooms.   Try this with Murray River, smoked salt, or a salt infused with herbs, shitake, or truffles.

 

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