Beef Cuts: Brisket
There are nine prime cuts of beef, and the brisket is one of them. It comes from the lower chest of beef or veal—AKA the cow’s pectoral muscles. (Nice Pecs Elsie)
Anytime an animals muscle gets a lot of action, it will be a tough cut. That means, if it is moving a lot, as are most of the muscles on the animals lower half, tendons and connective tissue develop and strengthen the muscle. Those that get very little movement, along the back for instance, are much more tender—as in tenderloin). This is great for the cow, but not too good for the chef, unless you know how to cook it properly. (Hint: slow and low.)
The brisket muscle supports the weight of the cow most of the time, because cows don’t have collarbones, and they mostly just stand around (unless they’ve been tipped—see: The Story of my Misspent Youth). Therefore, the muscle develops a ton of connective tissue and cartilage.
There are two cuts of brisket you may find. The deeper first cut or flat cut is the deep pectoral, and that is leaner. The second cut, fat end, point cut or triangular cut is the superficial pectoral, and it is fattier. There is a flap of fat separating the two, which ends up on the point cut, making it particularly good for smoking, if that’s your thing.
Brisket is super-popular for pot roast, and it is the cut used to make pastrami and corned beef. It’s a common cut in dishes around the world, because it is traditionally a cheap cut. You see it in brothy soup, curry, and noodle dishes across Asia, and cooked slowly in stews across Europe, Central, and South America.
(I love this beef chart…the way the cow is looking right at me, daring me to cook her!!!)